Factors Influencing The Adoption Of Cloud Computing
Cloud is typically indicates a large pool of usable resources such as hardware and software that are easily accessible via the Internet. The notable characteristics of cloud computing are on-demand self-service, broad network access, flexibility, resource pooling, rapid elasticity, cost saving, and multitenancy of data (sharing of an application by multiple customers). Cloud computing can also track actual computer utilization by user. Resource usage, such as storage, processing, bandwidth and active user accounts, can be automatically monitored, controlled and reported in order to provide transparency for both the provider and customer of the utilized service. The savings made from buying, running, and maintaining hardware and software infrastructures is one of the obvious financial benefit of cloud computing. In fact, capital investment in hardware and software infrastructures will reduce and companies can acquire IT capacities that they may not have been able to pay in the past. Universal access to software (SaaS) and services (Services) and free of cost for software license can also bring financial benefits for companies.
Despite the potential benefits of cloud services, there are also obstacles to the cloud computing adoption such as lack of constant and high-speed Internet connections, lack of standardisation of application program interfaces and platform technologies, uncertainty of service availability and reliability, and controlling IT performance by cloud providers not by own staff. Many scholars believe that organizations will not adopt a new technology unless the technology can demonstrate a relative advantage in comparison to existing technologies. In fact, relative advantage of cloud computing both technically and economically should be observable to companies. Successful business cases, models, and practices which demonstrate the value of the cloud adoption should be visible for companies. This will help them not only to understand the potential benefits of cloud computing but also to obtain an in-depth understanding of the cloud.
In addition, compatibility with company policies, existing values, experience, business needs, and technological infrastructure is a significant factor in the adoption decision. Policy and organisational risks (e.g. loss of governance), technical risks (e.g. data leakage, loss of data), and legal risks (e.g. data protection) have been also recognized as important obstacles for cloud adoption. Moreover, companies will more likely to use cloud computing if it does not require more technical skills and greater efforts to use it. Providing opportunities for potential adopters to experiment with cloud services on a limited basis will increase the rate of adoption. In fact, trialability can increase the likelihood of using cloud computing because companies may feel more comfortable with it after using it.
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By Mojgan Afshari