The Lighter Side Of The Cloud – Music Collection
The Lighter Side Of The Cloud – Cloud Architecture
The Lighter Side Of The Cloud – Data Loss
Importance Of Cloud Computing Interoperability

Importance Of Cloud Computing Interoperability

Importance Of Cloud Computing Interoperability

Cloud Computing and Provider Lock-In

Provider lock-in is well known obstacle of cloud computing business model. It is characterized by the inability or limited ability to connect to resources that are not part of the selected cloud offer. Migration of application and corresponding data to alternative cloud services may be expensive and time-consuming, and the user depends on a vendor’s technology. If we want to circumvent the mentioned obstacle, we must find a way to achieve cloud computing interoperability.

Everyone has their own API

Currently, each cloud provider prefers some specific technological solutions and their own design of available remote methods (SOAP and REST APIs). For example, Google App Engine, Oracle PaaS Platform, Salesforce, and Microsoft Azure offer very different APIs. Some vendors even try to invent new programming languages (for example, Salesforce and its proprietary Apex language). In addition, models of data storage can range from NoSQL to the relational databases, providers use their own query languages, and they support different data types.

Standardization

For now, there are no cloud computing standards accepted by the most of major commercial cloud providers. However, many initiatives are active. DMTF OCSI (Open Cloud Standards Incubator) is standardizing the management of cloud resources. DMTF has also proposed OVF (Open Virtualization Format) specification to support open, secure, efficient and extensible format for the packaging and distribution of software that will run on virtual machines. OCCI-WG (Open Cloud Computing Interface Working Group) is developing practical specifications of infrastructure as a service. SNIA CDMI (Cloud Data Management Interface) enables cloud applications to create access, update and modify data elements stored in clouds. OASIS TOSCA (Topology and Orchestration Specification for Cloud Applications) aims to increase the portability of applications and IT services to the cloud.

Broker libraries

One solution to solve cloud interoperability problems is to use brokers. There are API-Active-Directory-SaaS and frameworks that act as intermediaries:

  • Apache Libcloud is a Python library which hides differences among cloud providers APIs and enables managing different cloud resources through a unified API
  • Deltacloud API is an API that abstracts differences between clouds
  • Apache jclouds is an open-source library to use portable abstractions or cloud-specific features
  • The Dasein Cloud API is inspired by JDBC and it provides an abstraction for applications that wish to be written independent of the clouds they are controlling.

Prototypes from research projects

The problem of interoperability of cloud computing has been recognized by the European research funding organizations. For example, several FP7 research projects that are dealing with this issue are active:

  • Cloud4SOA provides a harmonized API that enables the seamless interconnection and management of applications across different platforms as a service.
  • mOSAIC offers a standard API for programming clouds
  • Contrail designs an open source system for cloud federations
  • Vision Cloud addresses the issues of data management in cloud federations

Cloud computing interoperability problems are far from being solved, but there are some feasible solutions before cloud standards become mature and adopted by major cloud players.

By Darko Androcec

Darko Androcec

Darko is a research and teaching assistant and a PhD candidate at the University of Zagreb. Before joining faculty, he was a computer security incident handler and a Java developer of banking information systems. 

Latest posts by Darko Androcec (see all)

One Response to Importance Of Cloud Computing Interoperability

  1. Hi Darko. Good insight here. I agree that it’s important not to be locked in by a provider (or a provider
    region). While common interfaces would be helpful for consuming web services, they don’t directly help a big challenge of data being stuck in a particular cloud or region. Also important is the ability to failover in the event of degraded performance, downtime,
    disaster, etc. At Ilesfay (cloud-based data
    replication startup) we have a product called ZoneSync, which leverages our patented
    technologies to sync data between cloud regions within the same provider
    or different providers entirely. Check us out at http://www.ilesfay.com.

Support

Recent

Beyond Gaming: Three Practical Applications For Oculus Rift

Beyond Gaming: Three Practical Applications For Oculus Rift

Three Practical Applications For Oculus Rift  Since the announcement of the Oculus Rift in 2012 gamers and game developers alike have been frenzied trying to both get their hands on the unit or build their own proprietary VR machine. The VR gold rush has since lead to the announcement of Project Morpheus from Sony and…

The Lighter Side Of The Cloud – Due Diligence

The Lighter Side Of The Cloud – Due Diligence

By David Fletcher Please support our comics by sharing, licensing or visiting our cloud sponsors (Below). Your support goes a long way in allowing us to continue to produce our lighthearted comics each week.   About Latest Posts Darko AndrocecDarko is a research and teaching assistant and a PhD candidate at the University of Zagreb.…

Popular

Cloud Infographic – The Future Of Big Data

Cloud Infographic – The Future Of Big Data

The Future Of Big Data Big Data is BIG business and will continue to be one of the more predominant areas of focus in the coming years from small startups to large scale corporations. We’ve already covered on CloudTweaks how Big Data can be utilized in a number of interesting ways from preventing world hunger to helping teams win…

Cloud Computing Services Perfect For Your Startup

Cloud Computing Services Perfect For Your Startup

Cloud Computing Services Perfect For Your Startup Chances are if you’re working for a startup or smaller company, you don’t have a robust IT department. You’d be lucky to even have a couple IT specialists. It’s not that smaller companies are ignoring the value and importance of IT, but with limited resources, they can’t afford…

Unusual Clandestine Cloud Data Centre Service Locations

Unusual Clandestine Cloud Data Centre Service Locations

Unusual Clandestine Cloud Data Centre Service Locations Everyone knows what the cloud is, but does everybody know where the cloud is? We try to answer that as we look at some of the most unusual data centre locations in the world. Under the Eyes of a Deity Deep beneath the famous Uspenski Cathedral in the…

The Future Of Work: What Cloud Technology Has Allowed Us To Do Better

The Future Of Work: What Cloud Technology Has Allowed Us To Do Better

What Cloud Technology Has Allowed Us to Do Better The cloud has made our working lives easier, with everything from virtually unlimited email storage to access-from-anywhere enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems. It’s no wonder the 2013 cloud computing research IDG survey revealed at least 84 percent of the companies surveyed run at least one cloud-based application.…

Five Cloud Questions Every CIO Needs To Know How To Answer

Five Cloud Questions Every CIO Needs To Know How To Answer

The Hot Seat Five cloud questions every CIO needs to know how to answer The cloud is a powerful thing, but here in the CloudTweaks community, we already know that. The challenge we have is validating the value it brings to today’s enterprise. Below, let’s review five questions we need to be ready to address…

Sponsored Posts

From C:\Prompt To CYOD – The Timely Shift To Desktop as a Service

From C:\Prompt To CYOD – The Timely Shift To Desktop as a Service

The Timely Shift to Desktop as a Service There may be some colleagues lurking within any given workforce who remember what a C:\> prompt meant. Much like the ring from Middle Earth, it had the power to make things happen. Desktop computers at that time were large grey beasts, with their only wired connection being…

Cloud Logo Sponsors

hp Logo CityCloud-PoweredByOpenstack-Bluesquare_logo_100x100-01
cisco_logo_100x100 vmware citrix100
Site 24x7


Contributor Spotlight

Established in 2009, CloudTweaks is recognized as one of the leading influencers in cloud computing, big data and internet of things (IoT) information. Our goal is to continue to build our growing information portal, by providing the best in-depth articles, interviews, event listings, whitepapers, infographics and much more.

Branded Content Programs

Advertising