A History of Cloud Computing

History of Cloud Computing

What is cloud computing? History, especially if it deals with victories and defeats, is inherently flawed. No one knew this better than Winston Churchill, who was assured of his place in the historical tomes by his victory in WWII. As he put it, “History will be kind to me for I intend to write it”. Therefore, are we taking a leap of faith by trying to encapsulate the history of cloud computing technology in mere words? Is it a wasted effort?

Not really. In our opinion, the best time to trace the growth of any paradigm, whether technology or culture or any other human endeavor, is when it has grown out of infancy but not attained maturity. For it is then that prejudices will not be able to color our opinions, whether positive or negative.

Fog Computing The Historty of cloud computing

Since cloud computing is gaining acceptability by the day, it is no longer a beginner in the IT infrastructure space. Again, since there are many who resist the technology citing several concerns like security and availability, it hasn’t matured either. In other words, there’s no time like the present in presenting its history.

The general idea behind the technology dates back to the 1960s, when John McCarthy wrote that “computation may someday be organized as a public utility.” Then, grid computing, a concept that originated in the early 1990s as an idea for making computer power as easy to access as an electric power grid also contributed to cloud computing. For a detailed look at the differences between utility, grid and cloud computing, look at “Cloud Computing vs Utility Computing vs Grid Computing: Sorting The Differences.”

The term “cloud computing” was most probably derived from the diagrams of clouds used to represent the Internet in textbooks. The concept was derived from telecommunications companies who made a radical shift from point-to-point data circuits to Virtual Private Network (VPN) services in the 1990s. By optimizing resource utilization through load balancing, they could get their work done more efficiently and inexpensively. The first time the term was used in its current context was in a 1997 lecture by Ramnath Chellappa where he defined it as a new “computing paradigm where the boundaries of computing will be determined by economic rationale rather than technical limits alone.”

One of the first movers in cloud computing was Salesforce.com, which in 1999 introduced the concept of delivering enterprise applications via a simple website. Amazon was next on the bandwagon, launching Amazon Web Service in 2002. Then came Google Docs in 2006 which really brought cloud computing to the forefront of public consciousness. 2006 also saw the introduction of Amazon’s Elastic Compute cloud (EC2) as a commercial web service that allowed small companies and individuals to rent computers on which to run their own computer applications.

This was soon followed by an industry-wide collaboration in 2007 between Google, IBM and a number of universities across the United States. Next came Eucalyptus in 2008, the first open source AWS API compatible platform for deploying private clouds, followed by OpenNebula, the first open source software for deploying private and hybrid clouds.

2009 saw Microsoft’s entry into cloud computing with the launch of Windows Azure in November. Now, suddenly, there were major players jumping on to cloud computing from left, right and center.

While 2010 saw the maximum number of companies entering this space, 2011 is expected to be even more eventful.

By Sourya Biswas

Anita Raj

Coronavirus: Can technology help fight the pandemic?

Coronavirus and Telemedicine Technology COVID-19 has brought the world to a near standstill. From NBA to Met Ball and Coachella, all major events and festivals are canceled. Disneyland is shut and movies are postponed. Flights ...
Nik Thumma Contributor

Why It’s Time for Companies to Move ‘All-In’ on the Cloud

Companies to Move ‘All-In’ on the Cloud The cloud offers businesses innovative ways to optimize operations and achieve amazing results. While many companies have already migrated to the cloud in some capacity, the full scope ...
Tech

What is the Difference Between a VPS and a Cloud VPS?

VPS or Cloud VPS? While researching this article it became very apparent that there is a lot of confusion about the differences between VPS Hosting and a Cloud VPS. They are both Virtual Private Servers, ...
Sangeeta Chhabra

Leverage DaaS To Solve Challenges of Remote Work

Solve Challenges of Remote Work In the past one year of Coronavirus (COVID-19), we have seen it all: An ailing world economy, dramatic changes in the political structure of many countries, and, most prominently, a ...
Kokumai

How to Enhance Security of Digital Identity

Enhance Security of Digital Identity Introduction The subject of this article is a fragile digital identity built with a weak password, which makes a grave choke point of the cyber age. The word ‘password’ is ...
Nikolas Kairinos

The growing role of AI in Sales and Marketing

AI in Sales and Marketing  Artificial intelligence (AI) as a Sales and Marketing (SaM) tool to help businesses deliver a better customer experience and secure quality leads was once considered an advantage reserved only for ...