Oracle News

Oracle Cloud Infrastructure Momentum Accelerates with New Hires

Nearly 2,000 new employees will support customer growth, product innovation, and data center expansion Redwood Shores, Calif.—Oct 8, 2019 Oracle today announced plans to hire nearly 2,000 employees worldwide to work on its growing Oracle Cloud Infrastructure business. The new roles, which include software development,
/
Wired

The biggest threat of deepfakes isn’t the deepfakes themselves

The mere idea of AI-synthesized media is already making people stop believing that real things are real. It was late 2018, and the people of Gabon hadn’t seen their president, Ali Bongo, in public for months. Some began to suspect that he was ill, or
/
History Of Cloud computing

A History of Cloud Computing

History of Cloud Computing

What is cloud computing? History, especially if it deals with victories and defeats, is inherently flawed. No one knew this better than Winston Churchill, who was assured of his place in the historical tomes by his victory in WWII. As he put it, “History will be kind to me for I intend to write it”. Therefore, are we taking a leap of faith by trying to encapsulate the history of cloud computing technology in mere words? Is it a wasted effort?

Not really. In our opinion, the best time to trace the growth of any paradigm, whether technology or culture or any other human endeavor, is when it has grown out of infancy but not attained maturity. For it is then that prejudices will not be able to color our opinions, whether positive or negative.

Since cloud computing is gaining acceptability by the day, it is no longer a beginner in the IT infrastructure space. Again, since there are many who resist the technology citing several concerns like security and availability, it hasn’t matured either. In other words, there’s no time like the present in presenting its history.

tech comics

The general idea behind the technology dates back to the 1960s, when John McCarthy wrote that “computation may someday be organized as a public utility.” Then, grid computing, a concept that originated in the early 1990s as an idea for making computer power as easy to access as an electric power grid also contributed to cloud computing. For a detailed look at the differences between utility, grid and cloud computing, look at “Cloud Computing vs Utility Computing vs Grid Computing: Sorting The Differences.”

The term “cloud computing” was most probably derived from the diagrams of clouds used to represent the Internet in textbooks. The concept was derived from telecommunications companies who made a radical shift from point-to-point data circuits to Virtual Private Network (VPN) services in the 1990s. By optimizing resource utilization through load balancing, they could get their work done more efficiently and inexpensively. The first time the term was used in its current context was in a 1997 lecture by Ramnath Chellappa where he defined it as a new “computing paradigm where the boundaries of computing will be determined by economic rationale rather than technical limits alone.”

One of the first movers in cloud computing was Salesforce.com, which in 1999 introduced the concept of delivering enterprise applications via a simple website. Amazon was next on the bandwagon, launching Amazon Web Service in 2002. Then came Google Docs in 2006 which really brought cloud computing to the forefront of public consciousness. 2006 also saw the introduction of Amazon’s Elastic Compute cloud (EC2) as a commercial web service that allowed small companies and individuals to rent computers on which to run their own computer applications.

This was soon followed by an industry-wide collaboration in 2007 between Google, IBM and a number of universities across the United States. Next came Eucalyptus in 2008, the first open source AWS API compatible platform for deploying private clouds, followed by OpenNebula, the first open source software for deploying private and hybrid clouds.

2009 saw Microsoft’s entry into cloud computing with the launch of Windows Azure in November. Now, suddenly, there were major players jumping on to cloud computing from left, right and center.

While 2010 saw the maximum number of companies entering this space, 2011 is expected to be even more eventful.

By Sourya Biswas

Sourya Biswas Contributor
Principal Security Consultant at NCC Group 13+ years of experience in Client Engagement, Business Development, Project Management and Management Consulting in the Information Security & Risk Management and IT Strategy domains. 250+ articles on Cloud Computing, technical editor of a reputed textbook. MBA (double major in Consulting & Business Leadership) on full scholarship from Notre Dame, Bachelor’s engineering degree in Information Technology from a top 10 engineering institute in India. Professional certifications include the CISSP, CISM, PMP, PSM and several ITIL Intermediates.

POWERPOINT COMIC LICENSING | CLICK TO SEE MORE

Jon Roskill

Going Global With The Cloud: SME’s, Anywhere, Anytime Access

SME's Anytime Access Lots of companies have offered 24/7 availability of systems and data to their customers and employees for years. What else is new? ...
ERP Ain’t Got the Same Soul, I Like that Old Time Rock ‘n’ Roll

ERP Ain’t Got the Same Soul, I Like that Old Time Rock ‘n’ Roll

Designing Enterprise Software around People Looking back, business owners talked to their customers and employees in person or by phone. This human contact was more ...
Mitigating the Downtime Risks of Virtualization

Mitigating the Downtime Risks of Virtualization

Mitigating the Downtime Risks Nearly every IT professional dreads unplanned downtime. Depending on which systems are hit, it can mean angry communications from employees and ...
Cloud Security Tools

10 Useful Cloud Security Tools For Your Business

Cloud Security Tools Cloud providing vendors need to embed cloud security tools within their infrastructure. They should not emphasize keeping high uptime at the expense ...